According to the recent survey, 70 percent of the poorest countries in the world are found in Africa. The other poor countries are found in other parts of the world. The leading factors to poverty in Africa are corruption and poor governance. Besides, other factors play important roles, including unemployment, poor usage of the available resources, wars and inter-community conflicts, and corrupt mindset of the population.
On the other hand, inadequate policies from the World Bank and IMF have led to economic insecurity in impoverished countries. It is obvious that poverty results in insecurity and violence. With very low GDP per capita and inequalities, insecurity is inevitable. That is certainly the reason why the ambassador of peace Prem Rawat said, People want peace. What measures should be taken to fight poverty and restore peace in the world? Let us consider our suggestions of the most effective to tackle poverty.
Combat poor governance and corruption
Poor governance is the inefficiency of the government to manage the country's resources in order to effectively carry out the projected State plans. It leads to inequalities in income and wealth distribution. Poor governance leads to poor economic growth and corruption. Indeed, inequalities give raise to violence and insecurities within the impoverished countries.
In addition, corruption hinders growth performance and obstructs development within the country. To reduce poverty and attain peace, it is vital that the issue of poor governance be addressed appropriately. In addition, effective policies need to be implemented by the World Bank and the IMF to fight poverty.
Create job opportunities
One of the signs of poverty is economic insecurity, which increases the number of people living in abject poverty. One of factors to poverty is lack of employment opportunities for populations. Job opportunities for qualified individuals are unavailable, which often leads to brain drain. Furthermore, low-skilled employment opportunities are insufficient. In some cases, jobs are available but they are not adequately paying.
- To tackle poverty and restore peace, it is crucial that well-paying, semi-skilled and skilled jobs be created.
- It is vital to encourage the contribution of the population to the economy through the creation of a large number of skilled jobs which will boost the economy and reduce poverty.
- It is also essential to provide training for low-skilled people and create work opportunities for them in order to lift them out of poverty and ensure peace and security.
Boosting agriculture to reduce poverty and build peace
According to statistics, around 65 percent of Africa's population is subsistence farmers. On small pieces of land, smallholder farmers only grow agricultural products, which are just enough to feed their own families. Large-scale agriculture is rare; few farmers own a large plotof land for farming and raising cattle due to poverty.
To tackle poverty and re-establish harmony in the nation, it is crucial to increase agricultural production and raise farming incomes. This will ensure that there is adequate food supply for the whole nation.
Furthermore, this will contribute to food price reduction and improve the standard of living of both rural and urban citizens. Another key to fighting poverty is to boost large-scale farming, and use of technology in agriculture as well as in cattle rearing.
Establish effective work schedules
Low-income, hourly employees are often subjected to unpredictable and inconsistent work schedules, which removes their rights for harmony within their family. In addition, unstable schedules deprive workers of their path to inner tranquility because of the imposed, frequent shifts at work. They are deprived of their opportunities to develop their ‘Knowledge' which is a path to their inner strengths, as what Prem Rawat suggested in his peace education.
Furthermore, hourly jobs leave workers uncertain about their personal development initiatives, which are crucial in order to secure future stability. Ineffective working schedules lead to poverty. For example, if it is necessary to visit the doctor for a checkup or for a health problem, it is necessary to take an unpaid leave especially when the doctor's appointment does not match the free time. Thus, to reduce poverty and promote peace, it is crucial to establish an effective schedule for low-income, hourly workers.